Carpet is a textile floor covering typically consisting of an upper layer of pile attached to a backing. The pile usually consists of twisted tufts which are typically heat-treated to maintain their structure. Carpet can be made using a variety of methods. These include:


Woven: the carpet is produced on a loom quite similar to woven fabric. The pile can be plush or berber. Plush carpet is a cut pile and berber carpet is a loop pile. There are new styles of carpet combining the two styles called cut and loop carpeting. These carpets are usually the most expensive due to the relatively slow speed of the manufacturing process


Knotted: the warp threads are set up on the frame of the loom before weaving begins. A number of weavers may work together on the same carpet. A row of knots is completed and cut. The knots are secured with (usually one to four) rows of weft. The warp in woven carpet is usually cotton and the weft is jute


Needle felt: these carpets are more technologically advanced. Needle felts are produced by intermingling and felting individual synthetic fibers using barbed and forked needles forming an extremely durable carpet. These carpets are normally found in commercial settings such as hotels and restaurants where there is frequent traffic


Tufted: these are carpets that have their pile injected into a backing material, which is itself then bonded to a secondary backing made of a woven hessian weave or a man made alternative to provide stability. The pile is often sheared in order to achieve different textures. This is the most common method of manufacturing of domestic carpets for floor covering purposes in the world


Carpet Tile

A new innovation in carpet is carpet tile. Carpet typically comes in a long role that's cut into the dimensions of a room. Carpet tile comes in small squares often 1 ft x 1 ft. This is convenient for creating carpeted pathways on top of woods floors, replacing stained or damaged areas of carpet, and it makes installation easier. It also allows for mixing, matching and creating unique carpet designs


Benefits:

Carpet is warm and soft. it can't be scratched and it isn't slippery which means it's beneficial for seniors and children


Recommended use: 

  • Living room
  • Bedroom
  • Basement 


Not recommended for: 

  • Kitchen
  • Bathroom 
  • Mudroom